Various Peony Varieties at Peony Farm
Healthy Bare Root Peony with 3-5 eyes
Compare Healthy Bare Root
with 3-5 eyes from 3rd year plants
with same 3-5 eyes form 1st year plants.
They are a wonderful addition to the garden. As a perennial, they will provide you almost a lifetime of flowers.They provide a vibrant show of colors inside and outside the house. Plant peonies in your perennial bed or as a group of 3-5. Keep in mind that although mass planting is a real eye-catcher, a grouping of one plant variety will bloom all at the same time.
There is nothing quite like peonies when they are in bloom! Cut peonies make spectacular cut flowers. The peony plants we offer for sale come in wide ranges of colors, but usually they are in shades of red, pink and white. Flowers are often 4" to 6" across, but can be smaller or larger. Numerous different flower types have resulted from centuries of breeding and selection. The most common forms are double flowers, single flowers and Japanese flowers, Most plants grow from 2' to 4' tall in the spring to early summer; die back in October to November only to re-grow in March. Peonies are very cold hardy. They only need winter protection when temperatures are below -20 degrees F.
At the end of the blooming season, the foliage of peonies continues to provide color and texture to your landscape garden.
They usually start blooming a week in Spring to Early Summer, it is possible to have a constant display by planting peonies with varying blooming times: early, mid and late season bloomers.
Planting in Outdoor flower bed -
When planting your peonies in your perennial flower bed, it is best to prepare your planting area in advance.
Planting in Containers
3 ga container is preferable when planting in a container..
After planting, water peony plant thoroughly and then weekly or as needed.
Peonies that grows 3-4 feet high and the double hybrid variety need support. They flop over when the big flowers get water logged from the rain or when heavy wind blows. Thus, it is best to stake your plant. When you are staking, add hoops or supports in early spring when the leaves begin to emerge from the ground - otherwise it will be too late, as peonies grow very quickly. Unfortunately, sometimes ready-made supports are too short to support heavy flowers on taller stems.
The best way to support these stems is to set four bamboo stakes into the ground around the outside of the plant and weave garden twine through the stems and leaves from one side of the plant to the other. Aim for a crisscross pattern that works like a net to keep stems and blooms upright.
We use the 36" powder coated galvarized cages with double ring as pictured below.
The Peony Rings are available for purchase locally at our farm.
Clay Soil: amend to ensure good drainage. Mix compost and rock dust or gypsum.
Sandy Soil: porous soils lose their fertility faster than others as nutrients leaches out of the soil, can quicker. Amend with clay and compost and top dress several times a year with compost to renew the soil. Keep in mind the depth planting requirement of the peony. This will increase the retention of nutrients.
Water periodically during growing season if no rain
Newly planted clumps need regular watering 1st summer
Roots rot in poorly drained soil
No overhead watering to avoid disease.
Overhead watering can cause flowers to get water logged and heavy thus causing the stem to bend and weaken.
Peonies are bottom feeders - How to Use Fertilizer
Keep all fertilizer away from the crowns of the plants. There are no feeding roots there. Spread the fertilizer in the area 6" to 18" from the crown and cultivate that into the soil carefully. Use fertilizer with discretion as over fertilized plants will not bloom well and soon run their course.
Optimum timing of fertilization is right after blooming is finished. Depending on the variety, peonies finish blooming late May to early June.
Then in September, a feeding of bone meal or super phosphate may improve the following spring blooms.
Debudding. It is helpful to debud to 1-2 buds the first year to allow the energy to go to the roots. Much better to have none or much less flower the first year. You will have a much better experience next year with your flower production. Make sure that you cut, if possible, only to about 3-5 inches of stem. Again, you want the plant to get stronger.
Caution on Weeding
Cultivation should be shallow, just to keep down the weeds. Cultivating more than 2 inches deep is likely to injure the shallow peony roots.
Diseases that affect Peonies
Symptoms: wilting, black leaves and/or buds and stems. This can spread fast so it requires immediate action
To prevent disease make sure your garden is kept clean, that air circulates, and that plants are kept healthy. Messenger™ and Neptune’s Harvest™ are two organic products to keep your plants healthy and disease resistant.
Botrytis - young stalks wilt and die, buds turn black. Onset is in early spring when temperatures remain below 70 degrees. Botrytis will kill tree and herbaceous peonies if not treated. Botrytis thrives in cool humid conditions and can be minimized by planting peonies where they have good air circulation. When noticed, cut off diseased portions of the plant, dipping the pruners in a 10% solution of bleach between each cutting to ensure the disease does not spread. Throw out the diseased portions; do not compost.
A more aggressive option would be to use systemic fungicide labeled for use on peonies.Check with your local cooperative extension.
Leaf blotch develops during warm, moist weather. Glossy, dark purple spots form on the upper surfaces of leaves. Again, removal of infected leaves and good fall cleanup are necessary for control. Avoid overhead irrigation.
*Commercial products mentioned here are for informational purposes only. We do not endorse these products.
|As you can see from the simple arrangements below, peonies make wonderful flowers for the home. Let's talk about How to Cut your Peonies for your home floral arrangement.
Cut Peonies Care
Read how to lengthen the Peony Blooming season in your garden...... more
Peonies as cut flowers are spectacular indoors. They make huge (4 - 6" dia), vibrant, dramatic and fragrant flower arrangements.
The buds start out as hard marble like formations and as they begin to open they get soft like a marshmallow.
Do not cut more than one-third to one-half of the flowers for cut flowers and leave as much foliage as possible on the plant.
What to do at the end of the Blooming Season
Simple Floral Arrangements
Peony Farm Gardens